Corona and omicron are not only the world-wide problems. Indeed, obesity is a serious problem these days. Obesity has reached epidemic proportions worldwide, according to the World Health Organization, with at least 2.8 million people die every year as a consequence of being severely obese. Obesity is now common in under developed countries, having previously been linked with developed ones. Governments, foreign forums, civic society, non-governmental organizations, and the commercial sector all have to play crucial roles in preventing obesity. In this post, we will tell you 10 facts about obesity and how to treat obesity. So, let’s go.
What exactly is obesity? Obesity is defined as “abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may be harmful to one’s health.” The body mass index (BMI) is a commonly used index to categorize overweight and obesity in adults. It is calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the height in meters (kg/m2). The W.H.O. describes overweight as a BMI≥25, and obesity as a BMI≥30.
In 2016, approximately 1.9 billion adults were overweight, with 650 million being obese. Obesity or overweight causes the deaths of at least 2.8 million people per year. Obesity rates nearly quadrupled between 1975 and 2016.
Worldwide, in 2016, 41 million preschool children were overweight. Obese children are more likely to grow up to be overweight adults. They have more chance to develop diabetes and cardiovascular diseases at a younger age. This results in disability and premature death.
Obesity and overweight are linked to more death rate globally than underweight. The majority of the world’s population lives in a country with more overweight people than underweight ones. This includes all developed and under developed countries. Overweight and obesity are linked to diabetes, ischemic heart disease, and some malignancies.
Main reason of obesity is a difference between calories taken and calories consumed by the person. Excessive intake of energy-dense foods combined with increased physical activity results in an undesirable weight gain. Reduced physical activity also causes an energy imbalance, which can lead to weight gain.
The importance of a caring environment and community in influencing people’s decisions and preventing obesity cannot be overstated. Individual responsibility may flourish when people have access to a healthy lifestyle and are encouraged to make good decisions.
Indeed, the environment has an impact on children’s eating and physical activity habits. Social and economic development and other agricultural and urban planning policies influence dietary habits of children’s dietary habits. They also influence their physical activity routine.
Certainly, eating a healthy diet can help prevent obesity. People can:
- maintain a healthy weight
- restrict total fat intake and switch fat consumption from saturated to unsaturated fats.
- increase consumption of fruit, vegetables, pulses, whole grains, and nuts
- limits the intake of free sugars and salt.
Indeed, regular physical activity can reduce obesity. Diabetes, heart diseases, colon cancer, and breast cancer are all reduced by at least 150 minutes of regular, moderate-intensity exercise every week. Muscle strengthening and balance training can help elderly people avoid falling and enhance their mobility. Weight loss may necessitate increased activity.
To combat the worldwide obesity pandemic, a population-based, multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary, and culturally relevant strategy is required.
W.H.O.’s Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of Non-communicable Diseases gives policies for the management and prevention of non communicable diseases which include obesity too.
So, these were the facts about obesity. Now, come to its treatment.
Treatment for obesity
- If you’re struggling with obesity, making lifestyle adjustments can help you shed pounds. It’s critical to lower your energy intake, which refers to the number of calories in your meal, while increasing your energy output, which refers to the number of calories your body burns through physical activity.
- Making healthy food choices like vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean meats will help you cut down on unnecessary calories in your diet. Limit unhealthy snacks and desserts as well.
- Prepare food at home instead of eating high-calorie fast food. In addition, eat smaller portions. Low-fat foods should be consumed. Reading food nutrition labels also allows you to gain a better understanding of the items you’re eating and make smarter decisions.
- Increasing your energy expenditure through physical exercise can also aid weight loss. Start cautiously with moderate-intensity activities if you aren’t used to exercising. You can progress to more vigorous exercises as time goes on.
- Speak with your health care practitioner if you have any questions about making lifestyle changes to treat obesity.
- Sufficient sleep is also crucial in the treatment of obesity. Obesity can be increased by Sleeping more.
World Obesity Day
World obesity day takes place on the 4th March of every year for the awareness of obesity.
We hope you have learnt something new from these facts about obesity. For more articles, visit our website.
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