Child Labor- Global Facts, Problems, and Solutions

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What is child labor?

Child labor is defined as the children’s exploitation who are deprived of their childhood due to employment that stops them from going to school or causes them mental, physical, or social harm. Even while mental and physical health issues may not obvious for years, children are mainly helpless to injuries throughout their early developmental years. As per the child labor global facts, the International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that 22,000 children are killed at work every year around the world.

Primary Reason

Children are sent to labor for a variety of reasons, the most common of which is poverty. Child labor, unfortunately, prevents children from receiving the education they require to overcome the poverty cycle. Around 70% of child laborers engaged in agriculture, according to the (ILO), a United Nations organization. Others can be seen in working industries, providing domestic service, or are forced labor for e.g. child soldiers and children spoiled in the commercial sex business.

Child Labor

Worst Forms

Convention No. 182 of the International Labor Organization (ILO) specifies dangerous and morally damaging kinds of labor and emphasizes for their immediate and complete elimination. The worst forms of child labor, according to the agreement, are:

  • Slavery or other forms of enslavement
  • Human smuggling of children
  • Forced participation in armed warfare
  • Pornography and prostitution
  • Production and trafficking of drugs, as well as other unlawful activities
  • Debt syndication
  • Risky work that leads to injury or moral degradation

Global Facts About Child Labor


According to the International Labor Organization (ILO), around 152 million children between the ages of 5 and 17 are involved in child labor. They are found in harmful conditions or situations such as mines, agriculture with fertilizers and pesticides, or hazardous machinery. They work hard in houses, factories, and farms as domestic workers. Boys and girls are involved equally in child labor in almost all locations, with girls being significantly more likely to be engaged in domestic work.


Data shows that there is a strong correlation between domestic poverty and child labor. Child labor reinforces poverty by keeping poor children out of school and reducing their opportunities for upward social mobility across generations. The declination of this human capital leads to slow economic progress and social growth.

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According to ILO figures, the agricultural sector employs 70% of children. Much of the agricultural work that children are not appropriate for their age, and is potentially harmful or restricts them from schooling. A child employed to herd animals when he or she is under the age of employment, a child spraying pesticides, and a child serving on a fishing boat all night, is too exhausted to attend school the next day. All these are examples of child labor. 


When schools provide meals, transportation, and occupational training, tuition fees are abolished, and additional costs for parents such as books and uniforms are eliminated, children are less likely to engage in child labor. Education helps parents and children to know about the harm that child labor can cause. Education aids in the reduction of poverty, which is one of the root factors of child labor. By 2030, a $39 billion injection could give all children high-quality nursery, primary, and secondary education.

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Child labor can be prevented, and it is within our grasp to do so. Since 2000, the number of children participating in child labor has decreased by one-third. Welfare institutions work with governments, social organizations, communities, societies, and businesses to endorse child labor in the UK and globally by supporting action. They want to strengthen education and the children’s welfare system. In this way, there will be easy access to high-quality education for all the suffering children. This will ultimately eliminate child labor and robust laws will be implemented in a more disciplined manner.


Member states of the United Nations established 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development in 2015, including Target 8.7, which aims to eliminate all kinds of child labor by 2025. Eliminating child labor will help to lessen poverty, develop economies, and have a positive impact on health, education, and safety systems around the globe. Different welfare organizations are working with their global members and partners to achieve this goal, specifically through a global alliance named “Alliance 8.7” to eradicate child labor by 2025.

How to Eliminate Child Labor?


Pray for children who are bound to do such dangerous jobs that stop them from going to school. Ask God to keep them away from future mistreatment so that they can receive the physical, mental, and otherworldly care they require to live a full life.


Donate to help authorities to safeguard children throughout the world from child labor and other types of mistreatment, exploitation, and ferocity.


Consider sponsoring a child. You can help a child stay in school by investing in their lives. You’ll also contribute to the development of their community, resulting in additional work prospects for them as adults.

Take Away

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Helping the parents around the house, contributing to a family business, or earning some money after school hours and during school holidays is often considered as something positive by children. “Child labor” is defined as work due to which children are deprived of their youth, potential, and integrity. This is harmful to their mental and physical development and interferes with their education, and thus must be eliminated.

You may help fight child labor in the UK and globally by adopting variety of ways. For instance, you can become an upstanding citizen to help welfare institutions, thus empowering communities and sending children to school. Every child, regardless of circumstance, deserves every opportunity.

By admin

One thought on “Child Labor- Global Facts, Problems, and Solutions

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